Communication and Film Studies

Chair: Michael Streissguth

Program Director: Julie Grossman (of Film)

Professor: Julie Grossman, Michael Streissguth

Associate Professor: Phillip Novak, Dan Roche

Assistant Professor: Bryan Gunner Cole

Adjunct Faculty: Glenn Coin, Leslie Bailey Streissguth, Michael Waters

Visiting Instructional Professor: Matthew Read

The Department of Communication and Film Studies values the art of the narrative, the foundational element for all media professionals, from journalists to filmmakers, editors to public relations professionals, broadcasters to web designers. All communications majors will be taught how narratives work—especially within the mass media fields of journalism, advertising, public relations, and filmmaking – and how to make them work.

The department values, too, deep technical expertise and broad adaptability across media technologies. Students in communication and film studies therefore gain extensive training in everything from the production of newspapers to the design of websites, from non-linear editing to digital video and audio recording. By the time they graduate, all Le Moyne communication and film studies students will have had the opportunity to acquire the technical skills and the writing, visual, and verbal talents needed for long-lasting professional success in the dynamically evolving media world.

The department’s curriculum is enriched by a liberal-arts education that nurtures in students a wide-ranging critical literacy and a deep social responsibility, so that communication and film studies graduates enter media professions or graduate school ready to contribute creatively, ethically, and learnedly.

Communications Internship

The program is intended primarily for communications majors and minors. Interns receive practical, on-the-job training in such fields as radio, television, advertising, journalism, public relations, and filmmaking.

Students should prepare themselves for internships by taking the appropriate courses: a student who wants a newspaper internship should have taken a journalism course, just as a student interested in a production internship should have taken a video- or radio-production course. However, specific requirements for each internship will be determined on a case-by-case basis by the internship director.

Students may take up to three 3-credit internships. Each new internship should involve a new placement.


Interns will be expected to devote 10 hours weekly to the program. The schedule for hours/days is worked out between the student and the cooperating agency. As soon as interns have knowledge of their schedule, they must inform the director of the schedule.

Interns must keep a detailed journal of activities. This journal is to be examined by the internship director.

Interns meet with the internship director according to a predetermined schedule.

The internship director will make on-the-spot visits during the semester.

Grades are assigned by the internship director on the basis of journals, individual conferences, student evaluation papers, and end-of-term evaluations from the cooperating agencies. Interns will be assigned high pass, pass, or fail grades for the course.

Student Learning Outcomes in Communications

Write and speak publicly
Students will communicate effectively to a variety of audiences using a variety of media
Students will use a range of communication technologies with highly developed skills.
Gather information
Students will gather relevant and meaningful information in accordance with professional standards in the chosen field of communication.
Decode narratives
Students will critically analyze texts in a variety of media.
History of media
Students will explain the history of media and its interactions with culture.
Ethical complexities
Students will make well-reasoned and defensible ethical decisions relevant to the field of communication.

Communications (CMM)

CMM 201. Fundamentals of Speech. 3 Credit Hours.

Essentials of voice production, oral interpretation, speech organization and use of supporting materials; preparation and delivery of speech materials; group and panel discussion. Prerequisite or

Corequisite: WRT 101.

Cross-listed Courses: ENG 201

CMM 205. Intro to Video Production. 3 Credit Hours.

This course is a general introduction to video technology and the methods of studio operations, field production and video editing. The student will gain an understanding of how video and audio systems work and will develop basic mastery of the tools of production. The course will consist of lectures, hands-on experience and production exercises. **There is a lab fee associated with this course.** Fulfills Core requirement(s): VPA.

CMM 208. Frame to Frame: Concepts in Motion. 3 Credit Hours.

FRAME TO FRAME: CONCEPTS IN MOTION is an introductory media course designed for students interested in visual media and storytelling as it applies to their own academic and professional pursuits. Whether storyboarding a film scene, realizing a marketing scheme, or designing a website, FRAME TO FRAME: CONCEPTS IN MOTION introduces the student to the history, theory, and aesthetics underlying sequential art and time-based media while challenging them to employ those concepts in a project-based environment. This course asks the students to grapple with the power and influence of images, narrative, and media making in the digital age as they conceive, create, and present their own media projects.

CMM 221. The Photo Essay. 3 Credit Hours.

This is a course about the theories and methods of creating a photo essay. Students will learn about the history of the photo essay by studying the work of some of the masters of the genre, and they will shoot and edit several photo essays of their own. **There is a lab fee associated with this course.**.

CMM 224. Environmental Journalism. 3 Credit Hours.

This course looks at how print and broadcast journalists have attempted to investigate and report upon all aspects of contemporary environmental use and/or abuse: from climate change to air pollution, from genetically modified crops to urban sprawl. Besides studying the work of professional environmental journalists, students will have an opportunity to produce at least one piece of environmental journalism themselves.

Prerequisite: WRT 101.

CMM 226. Introduction to Film Studies. 3 Credit Hours.

The function of this course is to provide students with the tools to be in a position to respond fully to the movies they see. Responding fully to movies requires knowledge of how they are made, so the course will cover all the basic elements involved in the filmmaking process. We will talk some about the film industry, comparing various models of film production. We will talk at length about film technique and film structure; and students will acquire, over the course of the semester, a fairly extensive vocabulary for describing the ways filmed narratives unfold and the ways filmed images are constructed, arranged, and deployed. In the course of working their way through the reading (that is, the interpretation) of a dozen or so movies--both classical and contemporary, from both Hollywood and abroad--students will gain an understanding of such central film features as cinematography, editing, production design, sound design, and performance style. They will learn what critics and scholars mean when they talk about mise-en-scene and montage and the tension between the two. They will learn to identify different modes of screen reality. Most importantly, they will learn that responding fully to movies requires active critical engagement with films as purposive texts. Fulfills Core requirement(s): VPA.

Corequisite: WRT 101.

CMM 250. Mass Media and Society. 3 Credit Hours.

This course explores some of the ways in which the media form and reflect our society and culture. It examines the ways in which audiences use media and how, in turn, they are used by the media. It also considers how new technologies change both the form and the content of the media as well as how the government and other institutions affect media output.

Prerequisite: WRT 101.

CMM 274. Reporting and Writing. 3 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to hone the student journalist's abilities to observe closely, to research deeply, and to report accurately. Students practice developing fresh story ideas, use multiple modes of research (face-to-face interviews, Internet resources and databases, digital media, etc.), and write articles in narrative, explanatory, and investigative styles, for both print and online outlets. There is practice on fact-checking and an introduction to multi-media news reporting. In all assignments, the focus is on how to present complex information with precision and clarity and to do so on deadline. Also, an introduction to the history of American journalism and wide reading in contemporary news reporting allows students to complement their growing technical skills with considerations of the profession's ethical and philosophical aspects.

Prerequisite: WRT 101.

CMM 303. Italian Culture and Cinema. 3 Credit Hours.

An encounter with Italian culture from World War II to the present, this course will trace the evolution of modern Italy through a representative selection of Italian literature and films by both male and female authors. The readings will be in English translation, while the films will be in Italian with English subtitles. (Texts will be available in Italian for language minors.)

Prerequisites: WRT 101, and ENG 210, ENG 218 or HON 111.

Cross-listed Courses: ITL 303

CMM 307. Communications Photography. 3 Credit Hours.

An introductory level course in photography as a communications medium. The course includes lectures, demonstrations, visual presentations, group critiques and supervised lab work. Material covered includes; the digital camera and its components, camera exposure techniques, digital editing and printing, commercial studio lighting, and electronic flash. The work of photojounalists and commercial photographers are shown and discussed in class. Assignments are geared toward the development of students' awareness of photography as a medium of mass communication. A compact digital camera or digital SLR camera is required. **There is a lab fee associated with this course.** Fulfills core Visual and Performing Arts requirement. (VPA).

CMM 308. Media Layout and Design. 3 Credit Hours.

Students will develop the skills to design and construct effective visual messages appropriate to specific media formats for specific target audiences. Students will produce camera-ready art for advertisements, newsletters, brochures, and web pages. The rhetorical elements that inform design choices will be discussed. Fulfills Core requirement(s):VPA.

CMM 309. American Culture and Art of Johnny Cash. 3 Credit Hours.

Students will be asked to engage in an interdisciplinary investigation of the varied contexts--media, religious, political, historical, economic and geographic--that helped define the creative world of Johnny Cash, a major songwriter and musician. Fulfills core Visual and Performing Arts requirement.(VPA)

Prerequisites: WRT 101,and ENG 200, ENG 210, ENG 218, or HON 111.

Cross-listed Courses: ENG 309

CMM 311. Writing for Electronic Media. 3 Credit Hours.

This course serves as an introduction to the practice of writing for radio, television, film, and the Internet. Students will learn to format and write scripts, and to deploy and critique the various writing styles in use on contemporary media platforms.

Prerequisite: WRT 101.

CMM 314. Journalism and American Literature. 3 Credit Hours.

This course will survey the rich history of American journalists who have either produced creative works or who have relied upon literary techniques in their journalistic endeavors. Beginning with Thomas Paine and Benjamin Franklin, the course will move through the revolutionary period of essayists and pamphleteers, proceed to the nineteenth century and the romantic writings of political activists like Margaret Fuller and Henry David Thoreau, and the realist and naturalist fictions of writers like Mark Twain, Stephen Crane, and Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The course will end by surveying the works of black and white writers of the early twentieth century--W.E.B. Dubois, Zora Neale Hurston, Ernest Hemminway, and H.L. Menken, who negotiate their critiques of modern American culture and political life both as journalists and creative writers. Throughout the course, we will be exploring the relationship between the world of the American journalist and his or her subsequent influences upon American literature.

Cross-listed Courses: ENG 322

CMM 315. Filmmaking As Art. 3 Credit Hours.

This course is an introduction to semiotic theory as related to creative cinematic practice. The students will apply concepts of sign and code production, and their cultural usage, to issues of visual and audio literacy as applied to film production. This course assumes a basic knowledge of digital cameras and editing (Final Cut, Premier, or AVID). There will be 6 short films produced that testify to the student's ability to apply concepts to creative production.

CMM 316. Studies in Small Screen Narrative. 3 Credit Hours.

This course features analysis of television and web narrative. Shows under consideration will rotate from semester to semester, but could include epic cable-television series such as The Sopranos, Mad Men, Fargo, Breaking Bad, and/or Game of Thrones; web-based shows, such as Americana and The Lizzie Bennett Diaries; and online series such as Transparent, House of Cards, and Orange is the New Black. Reading these series from the perspective of cultural and textual studies, the course aims to give students the tools to analyze the narrative structure, thematic concerns, cultural significance, and visual techniques of these series. The course will help students better understand popular media representations of social roles and the place of seriality in contemporary culture. Prerequisite(s): WRT 101.

CMM 318. Intro to Audio Production. 3 Credit Hours.

This course introduces students to the basics of recording, mixing and editing audio for various media, such as radio, TV, film, and the internet. The class provides a "hands on" approach to learning the skills, terminology, and equipment used to record music, make radio spots, andproduce audio for broadcast, the web, and the theater.

Prerequisite: WRT 101.

CMM 319. Survey of Amer Broadcasting. 3 Credit Hours.

This course presents a survey of the history of American broadcasting, exploring its roots in earlier forms of entertainment and news reporting, and the most significant innovations in technology, business, and the arts that shaped its development during the twentieth century. The course will conclude with the impact of the Internet and innovations in global communications.

Prerequisite: WRT 101.

CMM 320. Documentary Film. 3 Credit Hours.

Emphasis on the study of important documentary filmmakers, influential documentaries, and major schools of documentary film, as well as issues such as the role of the documentary filmmaker, the notion of objectivity in documentary, ethics in filmmaking, and the influence of the camera.

Prerequisites: WRT 101, ENG 210, ENG 218 or HON 111.

Fulfills Core Requirement(s): Visual and Performing Arts (VPA.

CMM 330. Studio and Remote Production. 3 Credit Hours.

This course will explore the methods involved in live multi-camera broadcasts-both in the Studio and from remote locations. The students will plan and produce news and talk programs in the studio, and cover live campus events-athletic, cultural, religious, etc.-which may be streamed over the Internet. The skills that will be developed in this course include producing, directing, lighting, camera work, switching, audio control, and live on-camera commentary and reporting. Fulfills core Visual and Performing Arts requirement. (VPA) ***There is a lab fee associated with this course.***.

Prerequisite: CMM 205.

CMM 331. News and Documentary Production. 3 Credit Hours.

This is an advanced production course and is intended to develop the student's ability to explore and report on the world around him or her using mobile production technology and investigate journalistic techniques. Students will create traditional news packages, longer feature stories, and a documentary. While the main focus of the course will be on effective storytelling, students technical skills-particularly editing-will be enhanced. **There is a lab fee associated with this course.** Fulfills Core requirement(s): VPA.

Prerequisite: CMM 205.

CMM 332. Dramatic Video Production. 3 Credit Hours.

This is an advanced production course that is intended to develop the student's ability to work with actors and scripted material. Students will learn how to break down dramatic and comic scenes in preparation for shooting. They may have the opportunity to work with actors enrolled in THR 306: Topics: Acting for the Camera, when it is offered at the same time as CMM 332. Students will produce three scenes--one dramatic; one comic and one of their own choosing. Fulfills core Visual and Performing Arts requirement. (VPA) ***There is a lab fee associated with this course.***.

Prerequisite: CMM 205.

CMM 337. Cut To: Advanced Non-Linear Editing. 3 Credit Hours.

Cut To: Advanced Non-Linear editing introduces students to the more sophisticated and complicated editorial challenges typically found throughout the film, television, and advertising industry including advanced media management, large project organization, dialogue and picture editing, montage fundamentals, sound design and music editing. Whether working on documentaries, features, commercials, or new content, the course emphasizes post-production workflow fundamentals, in-depth exploration of non-linear editing , and the theory and practice of visual storytelling. Prerequisite(s): CMM 205.

CMM 338. Writing in the Real World. 3 Credit Hours.

This course calls on the practices of professional and business communication to offer students practice with writing in "real world" contexts. In this class, students will develop strategies for responding to professional and community-based writing scenarios, reaching internal and external audiences, designing both print and digital/online texts, and composing application materials. Students will engage writing and revision processes, provide feedback to peers, compose collaboratively as part of a team, and learn the standards and conventions of non-academic communication. the genres studetns encounter may include memo, letter, e-mail, resume, cover letter, flier, pamphlet, and website. The course will also address digital-visual communication tools including Twitter, PowerPoint, and other emerging platforms.

Prerequisites: WRT 101, and ENG 200, ENG 210, ENG 218 or HON 111.

Cross-listed Courses: ENG 338

CMM 339. Down These Mean Streets: Men, Women, and Film Noir. 3 Credit Hours.

This course examines the group of films that have come to be called "film noir," the dark cinema chronicling postwar American anxieties concerning place, politics, and gender that emerged most prominently in the 1940s and 50s. In these films, the "mean streets" of the city are an extension of the distressed men and women who inhabit them. The women of film noir struggle with shifting gender expectations, and the men returning from the war confront overpopulated urban areas (e.g. The Blue Dahlia, 1946). The city and noir's characters morph through the decades, but men and women continue to be traumatized by changing social roles and political challenges (e.g., the "red scare" [the threat of Communism in the 1950s]; the rise of modern capitalism; and, later, the Civil Rights movement, feminisms, and the Vietnam War in the 1960s and 70s (Cape Fear, Chinatown, Taxi Driver). Prerequisite(s): WRT 101.

CMM 350. Communication Ethics. 3 Credit Hours.

Prepares students to face the ethical dilemmas they will inevitably confront in their professional careers. This is a case studybased course which teaches the ability to recognize and analyze ethical problems, move beyond "gut reactions" by gathering relevant facts and considering the loyalties involved and reason one's way to a defensible course of action.

Prerequisite: WRT 101.

CMM 353. Government and the Mass Media. 3 Credit Hours.

The interaction between the United States government and the "Fourth Estate" will be studied through an examination of theoretical works, descriptive narratives, empirical studies and current events. Issues studied will include how the government attempts to control and regulate the media.

Cross-listed Courses: PSC 353

CMM 358. Representations of the Media in Film. 3 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to explore ways in which films present myriad images of the mass media when they take as their subject matter the news, documentaries, radio, television, and the film industry itself. The course will develop students' understanding of the nature and function of mass media in American culture and the relationship between power structures and representations of gender in media industries.

Prerequisites: WRT 101, ENG 210, ENG 218 or HON-111.

Cross-listed Courses: GWS 358

CMM 370. American Film Abroad: Il Cinema Ritrovato (Bologna Film Festival). 3 Credit Hours.

This course focuses on a 9-10 day trip to Bologna in June/July of each year to attend the Cinema Ritrovato, an international film festival focused on American silent and sound film and music. The Festival specializes in screening classic films that have restored in Bologna at the Cineteca di Bologna, a major site for the film restoration in the world. Students will atend many screenings each day and evening of the Festival, as well as participate in group meetings with the instructor to analyze film and discuss and write about the events, such as the silent film/live music events taking place throughout the week at night in the central square of Piazza Maggiore. The students will have the unique opportunity to watch celluloid films as part of events introduced by film scholars, filmmakers, and/or restoration technicians. In the spring semester at Le Moyne, students will attend meetings with the instructor every two weeks and attend and write about two required film events. Enrollment by permission of instructor.

Prerequisite: Sophomore standing.

CMM 371. Practicum in Radio. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is designed to offer students the opportunity for hands-on radio experiences by becoming a staff member of Le Moyne's student radio station, WLMU, for one semester. Fulfills Core requirement(s): VPA. Pass/Fail only.

CMM 372. Practicum in Video. 1 Credit Hour.

This course is available to students who have taken or are currently enrolled in a video production class. It is designed to offer students practical experience by working on Le Moyne College Television (LCTV)productions. Pass/Fail only. Fulfills Core requirement(s): VPA.

CMM 373. Practicum in Journalism. 1 Credit Hour.

This course will provide hands-on newspaper experience in the area of the student's choice: editing, production, photography or writing/reporting. Students will make a semester-long commitment to work for The Dolphin, the weekly campus newspaper, under the supervision of the faculty advisor. The course will be graded pass/fail only and may be taken up to three times for credit.

CMM 374. Literary Journalism. 3 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to teach aspiring journalists and other writers how to use some techniques of literature to tell the true stories of journalism. In addition to honing their information-gathering skills and news sense, students study such tools as characterization, narrative plotting, scene-setting, point of view, tone and style. They practice crafting journalistic stories based on reporting from outside their own experiences, stories that bring people, places and events alive on the page and illuminate social issues or universal themes. Articles written in this class are appropriate for publication in newspapers, magazines and Web sites. The class also examines ethical and legal concerns of literary journalism such as invasion of privacy and libel. Course work includes wide reading and discussion of great pieces of literary journalism.

Prerequisites: CMM 274, ENG 210 or ENG 218.

CMM 375. Sports Journalism. 3 Credit Hours.

This course teaches students how to report on all aspects of sports- from game stories to features to opinion columns. To familiarize students with the scope and history of sports journalism and to provide models for reporting, texts will be drawn from a wide range of sports journalism in various media: newspapers, magazines, websites, blogs, and podcasts. The class will consider the ways in which sports journalism has evolved in response to digital technologies. It will also cover the ethical dilemmas common to sports journalism. Students will produce numerous pieces of original sports journalism of various lengths and in different media, as well as analyses of published sports reporting. Prerequisite(s): WRT 101.

CMM 376. Introduction to Advertising. 3 Credit Hours.

The course explores the elements of effective advertising messages, as well as advertising's historic roots. It considers the legal and ethical environment within which advertisers operate and advertising's place in the marketing communication mix. It examines the importance of research in forming effective messages for specific target audiences and the ways advertisers shape promotional appeals and strategies. It introduces students to the changing face of advertising and the impact of the internet and social media on advertising today.

Prerequisite: WRT 101.

CMM 377. Introduction to Public Relations. 3 Credit Hours.

The theory and practice of public relations in the United States today. The class will define public relations and examine case studies. The class will also look at public relations and research, planning and creativity and the application of public relations to business, financial, government and non-profit sectors.

Prerequisite: WRT 101.

CMM 378. Creative Advertising. 3 Credit Hours.

A requirement for all advertising concentrators, this production course engages students in the process of developing and producing advertising for print, video, audio, web and other applications. Fulfills core Visual and Performing Arts requirement. (VPA)

Prerequisite: WRT 101.

CMM 379. Music Journalism. 3 Credit Hours.

This writing course teaches students how to report on all aspects of music--from concert reviews to performer profiles, from musician retrospectives to articles about non-performance aspects of music (e.g., the recording industry, instrument makers). To familiarize students with the history of music journalism and provide models for writing, readings will be drawn from prominent music magazines such as Rolling Stone, Creem, Crawdaddy!, Blender, and others--as well as from places where music journalism frequently appears today, especially blogs and podcasts. The class will consider the ways in which music journalism has changed in response to the technologies through which music is made available to listeners. Students will write several pieces of original music journalism of various lengths. Fulfills core Visual and Performing Arts requirement. (VPA)

Prerequisites: WRT 101.

Cross-listed Courses: MUS 379

CMM 380. Critical Approaches to Film. 3 Credit Hours.

An introduction to film genre, genre theory and film criticism, the course will examine the generic conventions that govern production and reception of film texts. Film genres may include the screwball comedy, the melodrama, the western, the musical, the gangster picture, film noir and others.

Prerequisites: WRT 101, and ENG 200, ENG 210, ENG 218 or HON 111.

Fulfills Core Requirement(s): Visual and Performing Arts (VPA).

Cross-listed Courses: THR 371, GWS 351, ENG 371

CMM 381. History of Film: Beginnings to 1940. 3 Credit Hours.

This course will survey major developments in cinema from the advent of the medium near the end of the nineteenth century, through the emergence of a syntax for narrative film during the silent era, to the arrival and entrenchment of the sound film in the late 1920s and early 1930s. The nature of the course is such that our concerns will be manifold, but they will surely include attention to the following: the work of several pioneers of the medium-the Lumiere brothers, Thomas Edison (and his major collaborator William Kennedy Laurie Dickinson), George Melies, and Edwin S. Porter; D. W. Griffith's central role in the creation of a "language" for moving images and and his equally significant role in turning film into a popular medium; some of the formal experiments that took place in Germany in the 20s-German expressionism, in particular, as well as the Kammerspielfilm; Sobiet montage; French impressionism and surrealism; the great Hollywood comics of the 20s; the development of sound technology and its impact on film form; the importance of genre in the development of the film industry; and French poetic realism. Without scanting attention to such historical matters, we will also, however, want to engage particular film texts: thus much of our time in class will be spent discussing individual films.

Prerequisites: WRT 101, ENG 200, ENG 210, ENG 218 or HON 111.

Fulfills Core Requirement(s): Visual and Performing Arts (VPA).

Cross-listed Courses: THR 372, ENG 372

CMM 382. History of Film: 1940 to Present. 3 Credit Hours.

A study of the development of film since 1940. The course will examine social, technical, and artistic aspects of important films by influential directors, addressing in particular the well-made Hollywood film, Italian neo-realism, French new wave, and the rise of auteurism.

Prerequisites: WRT 101 and ENG 200, ENG 210, ENG 218 or HON 111.

Fulfills Core Requirement(s): Visual and Performing Arts (VPA).

Cross-listed Courses: ENG 373, THR 373

CMM 383. The Films of Alfred Hitchcock. 3 Credit Hours.

In this course, we will examine whether Hitchcock's films can be said to constitute a coherent 'body" of work - identifying in the process potential stylistic idiosyncracies and thematic preoccupations. And we will try to come to some understanding of what is gained and what lost by thinking in these terms. We will use Hitchcock's desire to develop a rigorously cinematic mode of presentation as a means of opening a discussion about the ways films "speak". And we will wonder, along with a handful of contemporary critics, what kind of viewer the films seek to construct. We will take the films' explicit interest in watching as a point of departure for an analysis of voyeurism and its centrality in contemporary western culture. Finally, and not incidentally, we will use the occasion the course provides to spend time watching a number of engaging films.

Prerequisites: WRT 101, ENG 210, ENG 218 or HON 111.

Fulfills Core Requirement(s): Visual and Performing Arts (VPA).

Cross-listed Courses: GWS 359, ENG 378

CMM 384. The Film Sound Track. 3 Credit Hours.

Throughout recorded history, music has been an important part of human dramatic expression in ways that transcend mere spoken words and visual imagery. For more than a century of the motion picture art, music has played an integral, yet often unnoticed, role in defining the filmgoing experience. The main objective of this course is for students to develop skills in analyzing the sound track of a film, music's role in the sound track, and the relation of non-diegetic sound to image (especially relating to music) on small-scale and large-scale (narrative) levels. The course develops critical listening and viewing skills, but it also offers a particular extension of film history scholarship, one that focuses on the three nodal points in the history of film sound: the introduction of sound, the introduction of stereo, and the introduction of digital sound. We will explore the ways in which each of these technological advances affects the structural realtionships that occur among three relatively autonomous components of the soundtrack--dialogue, music and sound-effects--with particular focus on non-diegetic music.

Prerequisite: WRT 101.

Cross-listed Courses: MUS 384

CMM 387. Scriptwriting. 3 Credit Hours.

This course provides study and practice in the special requirements of writing fictional works for television and film. This course will focus on: basic dramatic structures and story telling, the premise, the pitch, character development, writing the treatment, story outlines, writing the master scene and completing the script. At semester end, students are expected to produce full-length tele-plays, radio dramas or film scripts. Fulfills Core requirement(s): VPA.

Prerequisite: WRT 101.

Cross-listed Courses: CRW 387, ENG 387

CMM 390. Independent Study. 3 Credit Hours.

A student who wishes to pursue an independent project for academic credit must submit, prior to registration, a proposed plan that includes a description of the project and its goals, the methods to be followed, a schedule of work and supervision, the end product, an evaluation procedure and the number of credits sought. The proposal must be approved by the supervising faculty member, the department chair and the academic dean. It will be kept on file in the academic dean's office.

CMM 397. Writing Nonfiction. 3 Credit Hours.

A course in writing for general audiences on topics that will vary from one semester to the next; topics may include the fine arts, nature/the environment, science, the family, popular cultur, and politics. These courses will be both reading-and writing-intensive, with reading serving as models and resources for students' own writing; outside research in the form of interviews, observations/site visits, or attendance at cultural events will also be a component.

Prerequisite: WRT 101.

Cross-listed Courses: ENG 397

CMM 401. Convergence. 3 Credit Hours.

This course is designed as a capstone experience where students will work together in teams to produce multimedia narratives for inclusion in a student-designed website. It is designed to encourage aesthetic and technological experimentation.

Prerequisite: the course is open only to junior and senior students who are majors in the Department of Communications and Film Studies.

CMM 435. Advanced Production Seminar. 3 Credit Hours.

This is a specialized advanced production seminar for students who are ready to produce self-directed work. The course is intended to provide the most experienced and motivated students with the opportunity to produce a professional quality video on their own. Students must submit a written proposal before they may enroll in the course. Students may repeat this course for credit. **There is a lab fee associated with this course.**.

Prerequisites: CMM 205 and CMM 330 or CMM 331 or CMM 332, Senior standing and Permission of the instructor.

CMM 474. Reporting Syracuse. 3 Credit Hours.

In this class, students venture beyond the Le Moyne campus and write both hard news and feature pieces about the Syracuse community, the mix of the two determined partly by assignment and partly by the students' own interests and projects.The goal is for each student to produce a portfolio that has range and cohesiveness, and for the class as a whole to produce multi-faceted document that sheds new light on the everyday lives of central New Yorkers and on local angles to topics such as immigration, ethnicity, work, energy use, income, culture, and education.

Prerequisite: CMM 274 and CMM 330, CMM 331 or CMM 332 and ENG 210, ENG 218 or HON 111.

CMM 476. Advanced Advertising. 3 Credit Hours.

Students will study ads in various media, applying current advertising theories. They will work in creative teams, conducting appropriate research prior to creating and presenting an advertising campaign. Students will learn to constructively criticize both current campaigns and other students' work.

Prerequisites: WRT 101, CMM 376.

CMM 477. Advanced Public Relations. 3 Credit Hours.

Students will implement principles and practices of public relations introduced in CMM 377. Specifically, student will work with a client - a non-profit organization in the Syracuse, New York area - to develop a public relations plan that supports the client's general mission. The plan will represent the core of the class work, around which discussion of PR issues will take place.

Prerequisites: WRT 101, CMM 377.

CMM 490. Communications Internship. 3 Credit Hours.

Participation in a field learning experience related to the area of communications. The student intern reports as required to the faculty member assigned to supervise this field experience and will be expected to evaluate the experience and relate it to his or her academic program. Enrollment by permission of the internship director.

CMM 491. Communications Internship. 3 Credit Hours.

CMM 492. Communications Internship. 3 Credit Hours.

Participation in a field learning experience related to the area of communications. The student intern reports as required to the faculty member assigned to supervise this field experience and will be expected to evaluate the experience and relate it to his or her academic program. Enrollment by permission of the internship director.