Criminology (CJS)

CJS 100. Contemporary Issues in American Politics. 3 Credit Hours.

A study of several important issues in contemporary American society and of the manner in which they are being handled by our political system. Among the issues covered are: the energy crisis, nuclear energy, toxic wastes, inflation, recession, government spending, crime, military spending, the arms race and the new religious right. This course does not fulfill requirements for a major in political science; it will carry credit toward a minor.

Cross-listed Courses: PSC 100

CJS 101. Introduction to Criminology. 3 Credit Hours.

This course offers an interdisciplinary exploration of crime, its causes and notions of justice. The concepts of crime and justice will be explored drawing on writings from the humanities (English literature, philosophy, religious studies, history) and research from the social sciences (sociology, anthropology, economics, political science and psychology).

CJS 200. Career Pract & Prof Computing Soc/Crim. 3 Credit Hours.

This course focuses on: (1) the discipline and profession of sociology/criminology; (2) career exploration and career development skills for undergraduate sociology/criminology majors; (3) professional writing skills; (4) graduate and professional school exploration and advising; (5) applied sociology/criminology and action anthropology; (6) professional socialization; (7) computer literacy in research and presentation of self both in person and on the Internet; and (8) professional ethics.

Cross-listed Courses: SOC 200

CJS 201. Research Methods. 3 Credit Hours.

This course is an introduction to the research methodologies employed by social scientists. Major analytic issues covered in the course include measurement validity and reliability, the grounds for making causal inferences, sampling and research ethics. Major techniques to be studied include participant observation, survey research, experimentation, intensive interviewing and evaluation research. Required of all sociology/ criminology majors.

Prerequisites: ANT 101, ANT 102, SOC 101, CJS 101 or PSC 101 and MTH 111.

Cross-listed Courses: PSC 202, SOC 201

CJS 202. Gender and Crime. 3 Credit Hours.

This interdisciplinary course examines crime and criminal justice as gendered phenomena. It explores how notions of masculinity and femininity shape and are shaped by criminalized practices, the operation of the criminal justice system, and our understandings of both. Focusing on gender does not mean focusing exclusively on women. Gender is a relational concept; both men and women are gendered. In this course we will consider the implications of feminist theorizing for a range of criminological concepts, approaches, and themes. Ethonographic case studies from various social contexts (e.g. the U.S., Canada, Mexico, Brazil, England, Turkey etc.) will help students denaturalize taken-for-granted understanding of the world and develop cultural sensitivity. This course will develop students' ability to think critically about gender, crime, race, and phenomena such as 'honor killings' and intimate partner violence. Course readings and lectures draw on historical and contemporary work by criminologists, anthropologists, soiologists, philosophers, feminist theorists, journalists, and others. As a class, we will grapple with diverse ways to think about intersections between crime and gender. Students are encouraged to think critically about course material, considering the strengths and limitations of all of the research and theories we cover. An auxiliary aim of this course is to develop students' capacity to read and write academic texts efficiently and effectively. In order to cultivate this skill, practice is required! Students are expected to keep up with weekly readings and complete regular in-class and take-home assignments. In order to succeed in this course and achieve the following learning objectives, students must come to class prepared to participate in discussions and activities about the assigned readings.

Fulfills Core Requirement(s): Diversity (DIV)and Interdisciplinary Studies (IDS).

Cross-listed Courses: ANT 202, SOC 202, PGS 202, GWS 202

CJS 220. The Criminal Justice System. 3 Credit Hours.

This course examines the criminal justice system and its effects on individuals within the system. It also considers the criminal justice systems effects on individuals both inside and outside the system with respect to the commission of crime.

Prerequisite: SOC 305 recommended.

Cross-listed Courses: SOC 220

CJS 222. Introduction to Forensic Science. 3 Credit Hours.

This course will introduce students to the various areas of forensic science. Students will learn the vocabulary of forensics, the application of the scientific method to forensic issues, the types of natural and social science techniques used in forensic analyses and the impact of various kinds of forensic analyses on the criminal justice system. Students will learn to think critically about forensic claims and to distinguish genuine forensic science from its popular understanding.

CJS 223. Global Crime. 3 Credit Hours.

This course explores illegal activity and criminalization in the context of the destabilizing effects of globalization. The course considers the transnational dimension of crime in both the developed and postcolonial parts of the world, and its connections to our own everyday lives. The course will cover the growth and character of the extra-legal networks of power and finance that shape our contemporary world, and will examine their relations with state power, corporate business, and law enforcement activities. Finally, it introduces some of the challenges of both supra-state and popular responses to illegitimate activities that are shaped by global political economy.

Prerequisite: CJS 101 or ANT 101.

Cross-listed Courses: ANT 223, PGS 223

CJS 224. Urban Security. 3 Credit Hours.

Special Topics: This course introduces traditional as well as emerging, unconventional strategies designed to provide security in cities. You will learn how to make sense of urban hazards and the systems designed to counter them. Urban security planning is dominated by highly technological, terrorism-focused "intelligence fusion" and surveillance systems that in most cases operate separately from everyday disaster management networks. Instead of fusion, therefore, in many cases we see pockmarks of friction. At the core of this dynamic is the term security itself, a highly contested concept with real-world impacts for policy making and long-term planning. More than a decade after 9/11, as the challenge of protecting cities has been compounded by a major economic downturn and widespread social unease, a key question is whether or not terrorism poses the greatest primary threat to our communities. Such a possibility is evidenced by problems such as the exposure of human vulnerability in New Orleans and Port-Au-Prince (Haiti), the very continual threat posed by infectious disease, a wave of recent damage from hurricanes and tornadoes, the evolving human and geopolitical crises in the Middle East, and the ongoing, but mostly hidden condition of urban unemployment, crime, and poverty. Upon completion of this class you will be able "to think like an analyst," a highly-valued skill set that will help you whether your goal is graduate/law school or employment through a public, private, or non-profit agency.

CJS 225. Gangs and Criminal Community. 3 Credit Hours.

This course introduces students to gang-life as an urban phenomenon that starts in the 19th century and that in the 2000s is diffused across the margins and illicit flows of the global economy. Students will read memoirs of members of gang communities, with attention to notions of agency and iconoclasm, situating gang life in a continuum of political resistance. We will aslo look at the history of modern transnational gangs as a view into the history of displacement, modern war, and the pre-history to the discourses surrounding "global terrorism", giving students the tools for a critical reading of current debates around state security, "organized crime", and sovereignty. Fulfills Core requirement(s): DIV.

Cross-listed Courses: SOC 225, PGS 225

CJS 232. Family Violence. 3 Credit Hours.

Using sociological perspectives, this course will examine family violence including the abuse of partners, children and elders. It will focus on understanding the origins and the larger forces leading to and reinforcing family violence, and as well as on the microdynamics of violence within families. It will also examine how family violence varies across differences such as race/ethnicity, sexual orientation and disability.

Cross-listed Courses: SOC 232

CJS 244. Race and Ethnic Relations. 3 Credit Hours.

Race and ethnicity are a significant aspect of American society, especially as one of the main modes of social stratification. This class will introduce students to the major sociological perspectives on race and ethnicity and will further develop their sociological understanding of and critical thinking about race in the United States. This class will also encourage students to examine race in the U.S., with an emphasis on class, gender and urban life. At the end of this class, students should be familiar with the social importance that race and ethnicity play in everyday life.

Cross-listed Courses: SOC 244, GWS 244

CJS 301. Crime&Punishment Comparative Perspectiv. 3 Credit Hours.

This course uses social science,historical, activist, and cross-cultural perspectives to consider the process of criminalization - how certain acts come to be defined as crimes, and certain categories of people come to be considered criminals - as well as social responses to crime. This course will treat the relative concept of "crime" as a social force with special consideration on how it relates to power; legitimacy; citizenship; rights; and the social inequalities of race, class and gender. Critical exploration of these connections is applied to current challenges and ways of addressing them.

Prerequisite: CJS 101, ANT 101 or 102, or permission of instructor.

Cross-listed Courses: ANT 301, GWS 301

CJS 305. Criminological Theory. 3 Credit Hours.

Criminology is the sociological analysis of crime in American society. Different types of crime are examined: street crime, whitecollar crime, victimless crime, corporate crime and political crime. By critically examining theories of crime causation, the student gains an understanding of the social forces which contribute to the commission of crime.

Prerequisites: ANT 101 or CJS 101 or SOC 101 or permission of the instructor.

CJS 321. Law,Society & Social Science. 3 Credit Hours.

The structure and functions of law as an institution are analyzed from the perspectives of classical and contemporary social scientific theories. The legal processes of the assignment of responsibility, the resolution of disputes, the distribution of social rewards and the imposition of sanctions are studied in cross-cultural perspective. Attention is also focused on the use of social scientific knowledge by legal institutions.

Prerequisites: ANT 101 or CJS 101 or PSC 101 or SOC 101 and MTH 110 or MTH 111 or STA 201 or the equivalent.

Cross-listed Courses: LGS 321, SOC 321

CJS 322. Economics of Crime and Punishment. 3 Credit Hours.

This course will present the economic approach to crime and punishment. There will be an emphasis upon both the economic cost borne by the economy in the aggregate and by individual households in the prevention of crime. The economic approach assumes that both criminals and victims are rational in the sense that they base their choices on the expected benefits and costs of alternative behaviors. Specific topics include economic assessments of the criminal justice system, perspectives on the punishment and reform of criminals, and analyses of the market for illegal drugs, gun control and capital punishment.

Cross-listed Courses: ECO 322, SOC 322

CJS 323. Juvenile Delinquency. 3 Credit Hours.

After examining the causes of delinquency among juveniles and the various ways of treating delinquents, the second part of the course focuses on juvenile court: the history of the juvenile court movement, current procedures employed by the juvenile court and its relationship with other community agencies that deal with delinquents.

Cross-listed Courses: SOC 323

CJS 325. Poverty and Justice in the Legal System. 3 Credit Hours.

The class will explore the concept of social justice, with a special emphasis on the root causes and persistence of poverty, and how the legal system confronts, changes or contains those problems.

Cross-listed Courses: SOC 325

CJS 326. Deviance. 3 Credit Hours.

This course covers major theories in the field of deviance. Students will become familiar with classical, positivist, functionalist, strain, social disorganization, social control, social learning, interactionist, critical, feminist and conflict theories. Students will also gain experience critiquing social science research and learn the fundamentals of designing social science research projects.

Prerequisite: SOC 101 or CJS 101.

Cross-listed Courses: SOC 326

CJS 335. Psychology and the Law. 3 Credit Hours.

The legal system is a pervasive and important part of our lives. The goal of this course is to help students develop an understanding of the psychological aspects of the functioning of the system and the effects of the legal system on us. This course will address the social psychological aspects that impact and are impacted by the legal system. Students will develop an understanding of many issues, including how psychologists contribute to the law and the legal system, psychological theories of crime, psychological issues related to the selection and performance of police officers, the dynamics of eyewitness testimony, jury selection and performance and confessions.

Cross-listed Courses: LGS 335, PSY 335

CJS 343. Immigration. 3 Credit Hours.

This course examines the topic of immigration from multiple perpectives: historical comparison between current and previous waves of immigrants, politcal debates over what we should do locally and nationally, the complex economic and social impacts of immigrants(both legal and unauthorized), the changing legal environment, comparative immigration policies, and the post-9/11 national security implications of immigration. This course aims to have you explore and challenge your own views, try to make sense of completing arguments and evidence, and gain a respect for perspectives not your own. A visit to the National Immigration Museum at Ellis Island may be planned.Fulfills Core Requirement(s): Diversity (DIV).

Cross-listed Courses: PSC 344, PGS 344, SOC 343

CJS 345. Conflict Resolution. 3 Credit Hours.

This course will introduce students to the field of conflict resolution. It will include an overview of the history and theories of the field and some of the major critiques of present theories and practices. The course also will provide students with an understanding of the spectrum of role professionals in conflict resolution undertake. Students will gain selected conflict resolution skills and come to understand conflict experientially by participating in three role plays demonstrating issues associated with inter-personal, inter-group and organizational conflict.

Prerequisites: SOC 101, CJS 101, ANT 101, ANT 102, or EDU 105.

Cross-listed Courses: SOC 345

CJS 351. Victimology. 3 Credit Hours.

This course analyzes and scientifically examines the physical, emotional, and financial impact of crime on its victims. Specific types of victims and crime will be studied, including homicide, sexual assault, domestic violence, child mal- treatment, elder abuse, and assault. This in- depth course requires the student to analyze restitution issues, the treatment of victims by the criminal justice system, victims' rights legislation, and contemporary trends in the treatment of victims.

Prerequisites: SOC 101, CJS 101, PSY 101 or GWS 101.

Cross-listed Courses: SOC 351

CJS 381. Understanding Modern Terrorism. 3 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to introduce students to the academic understanding of terrorism. Through this course students will come to understand the motivations underlying terrorist behavior on an individual and structural level. In addition, the student will become more aware of the role of the U.S. in world affairs and the reaction from other countries regarding this involvement. The impact of these two areas on terrorist behaviors will be analyzed. Through readings of both historical events and academic research, students will become more aware of the influences on the rise, success, and the end of terrorist campaigns.

Prerequisites: CJS 101 and CJS 305 or CJS 323 or junior status.

CJS 390. Independent Study in Criminology. 1-3 Credit Hours.

A student who wishes to pursue an independent study project in criminology for academic credit must submit, prior to registration, a proposed plan of study that includes the topic to be studied and goal to be achieved, the methodology to be followed, schedule of supervision, end product, evaluation procedure and number of credits sought. The proposal must be approved by the supervising faculty member, the department chair and the Dean of Arts & Sciences. It will be kept on file in the Dean's office.

CJS 396. Race, Gender and Justice. 3 Credit Hours.

This course critically examines major theories, research findings, policies, and controversies concerning race, gender, and crime in the context of social justice. In terms of disciplinary affirmation, the focus is on criminology theory, but with a predisposition towards ways in which questions of social justice can be viewed from a sociological perspective. The first objective of the course is to debunk the myth that there is a cast iron boundary between questions of criminal justices and social justice. Along with this objective is the need to provide students who are interested in pursuing a criminal justice career an awareness of key discourses in criminology in conjunction with a keen sense of empathy required for the maintenance of social order in an increasingly diversified universe. The second objective of the course is to explore how theoretical insights can provide the tools for making sense of the vast amount of data and information on crime and the criminal justice system especially as it relates to debates and contestation on questions of race, ethnicity, and gender. Students will get the opportunity to explore the main sources used for research. This will enable us to achieve our third objective; in what ways can our findings inform social policy in the desire to provide equal justice for all. We shall conclude our exploration by returning to our starting place: Can race, ethnicity, and gender be useful analytic categories?

CJS 397. Poverty & Social Justice in Legal System. 3 Credit Hours.

The concept of social justice is defined, in large measure, by how the legal system treats the poorest, least educated or most frail citizens, and addresses (or fails to address) their needs. Achieving a measure of social justice through the law can have a profound effect on the poor and upon society at large; some efforts at social justice can have an immediate and personal affect; other social justice efforts may not bear fruit for years or generations. This class will explore the concept of social justice, with a special emphasis on the root causes and persistence of poverty, and how the legal system confronts, changes or contains those problems.

CJS 398. Forensic Pathology. 3 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to introduce you to forensic science, the application of science and law. According to the American Association of Forensic Sciences, forensics is the improvement, the administration and the achievement of justice through the application of science to the process of law.

CJS 450. Advanced Seminar in Criminology. 3 Credit Hours.

This course is designed to advance the students understanding of criminological thought. Students will be introduced to the classics of criminology through an examination of the original works. Building upon prior classes in criminological theory, the current class discusses the theoretical importance, empirical status, and policy implications for a range of theories ranging from structural theories to trait theories.

Prerequisites: SOC 305 or SOC 323.

CJS 451. Capstone Course in Criminology and Sociology. 3 Credit Hours.

This is the capstone course for the criminology and sociology curricula. The course provides a forum where students can demonstrate mastery of the tools acquired throughout their curricula including content knowledge and skills for conducting social science research. Students will examine topics of interest, review the scholarly literature on these topics and conduct empirical research thata answers one or more questions on these topics. the final product of this course is a piece of scholarly/proefessional writing.

Prerequisites: CJS 101 or SOC 101, MTH 111, CJS or SOC 201, and SOC 303 or CJS 305.

Cross-listed Courses: SOC 451

CJS 490. Internship in Criminology. 1-6 Credit Hours.

Participation in a field learning experience closely related to one of the areas of criminology or sociology. The student intern will meet regularly with his or her supervisor in the agency and/or will report as required to the faculty member assigned to supervise the field experience. Students are expected to apply what they have learned in the academic program to the field experience. An evaluation of the field experience will also be required. The internship and placement must be approved by the instructor. Three hours of field work per week are required to generate one credit hour. The number of credits to be awarded must be contracted for prior to registration.

CJS 495. Empirical Research. 3-6 Credit Hours.

A team of senior students designs and carries out an empirical research project. The actual exper- ience of planning and doing research provides students with an opportunity to review and inte- grate major sectors of what they have learned in their coursework. Responsibility for planning and carrying out the project rests with the students. The instructor serves as a resource person, available to offer advice or teach what is needed to solve technical problems. It is the instructors responsibility to see that the project can be completed with the available resources and within the time constraints of a semester. The instructor also evaluates the work of students. While a student's work load in this kind of project varies from week to week, he or she is required to budget an average of nine hours per week for independent/ group/class work on the project.

CJS 496. Honors Project in Criminology. 3-6 Credit Hours.

The nature of the project is determined by the mentor and the student. The due dates for each draft as well as the number of credit hours the student is to receive is contracted for prior to registration.

CJS 499. Research in Criminology. 3-6 Credit Hours.

An upper-class student who wishes to undertake a criminological research project for academic credit during a given semester must submit a research proposal prior to registration and a research report at the end of the semester. The proposal must be approved by the research director the department chair and the Dean of Arts & Sciences. The proposal will be kept on file in the Dean's office.